Republic Day A Historic Day Of India
Republic means, the rule for the people by side the people. The system, as we celebrate the Republic Day.
Though India became a free nation on August 15, 1947, it declared itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state with the adoption of the Constitution on January 26, 1950.
A salute of 21 guns and the unfurling of the Indian National Flag by Dr. Rajendra Prasad heralded the historic birth of the Indian Republic on that day. Thereafter 26th of January was decreed a national holiday and was recognised as the Republic Day of India.
The Constitution gave the citizens of India the power to choose their own government and paved the way for democracy. Dr. Rajendra Prasad took oath as the first President of India at the Durbar Hall in Government House.
26 Jan is the Glorious Historical Day of India. Ever the Republic day(historic day) is celebrated with festivities and patriotic enthusiasm in whole country.
The day owes its importance to the constitution of India that was adopted on this day. India became independent from the British Rule on 15th August, 1947. The India country did not have its own constitution and totally depended on the modified colonial Government of India Act, 1935 India was headed by King George VI, until the adoption of the Indian Constitution in 1950. The independence was achieved in 1947 while the professed pledge was redeemed on 26th January, 1950. The Indian Constituent Assembly was called together on 9th December, 1946, where a committee was formed. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar(Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer) became the chairman of the committee, who along with the other members drafted the Constitution. The Indian Constitution included 395 Articles and 8 Schedules. The Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November, 1949. Next, elections were held: ¬†Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first President of India. This transition of India into a sovereign democratic republic nation is indeed a long historical event. Today, the Indian Constitution is the longest in the world, consisting of 397 articles and 12 schedules, and providing a single citizenship for the whole nation.¬† It was this day in history in 1965 when Hindi was declared as the official language of India. At 10:18 AM on the 26th of January, 1950, the Constitution came into a legal circulation. It is definitely impossible for someone to read it in one go.
Republic Day is celebrated every year with much zeal all over the country and to mark the importance of this occasion, a grand parade is held in the capital New Delhi. The military parade is followed by a colorful cultural parade. India’s rich cultural heritage is depicted in the form of tableaus from various states. Each state depicts its unique festivals, historical locations and art. This exhibition of diversity and richness of the culture of India lends a festive air to the occasion.
The event begins with the Prime Minister of India laying a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, commemorating all the soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the country. Soon, 21 gun salute is presented, the President unfurls the National Flag and the National Anthem is played.
After the national anthem is played the President gives awards for bravery and varied acts of valour to men and women in the armed forces. This is finally followed by a parade of regiments from the armed forces and floats representing the various cultures of India. The parade ends with a fly-past by Indian Air Force jets.
Ceremonies are also held in all the state capitals and flag-hoisting ceremonies are organised by all schools that are compulsory for all children to attend.
It is held for three days.
On End Of Republic Day Celebration:
Beating The Retreat officially denotes the end of Republic Day festivities. All important Government Buildings are beautifully decorated with lights every evening from 26th to 29th. Beating the Retreat ceremony is conducted on the evening of January 29, the third day after the Republic Day.
The ceremony starts by the massed bands of the three services marching in unison, playing popular marching tunes.
This is followed by the bugle call for Retreat, the band master then marches to the President and requests permission to take the bands away, and informs that the closing ceremony is now complete. The bands march back playing a popular martial tune “Saare Jahan Se Achcha Hindustaan Humara“.
At exactly 6 pm, the buglers sound the retreat and the National Flag is lowered, and the National Anthem is sung, bringing the Republic Day celebrations to a formal end.
Indian National Flag:: Tiranga, Jhanda:
The National Flag of India is a horizontal tri-color of deep saffron (orange) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel(Ashoka chakra) which represents the Dharma chakra.
It to be in rectangle form which is divided in to three part in equal proportion:
- In first one part or top of the flag have deep saffron(orange) color which is to be sign of power for Indian people they let that orange color is provide the self-confident, strength and dauntless.
- In Second one or middle part it have white color which it is sign of peace, it provide grit. In mid of white part have a navy-blue wheel that is Ashoka Chakra which represent the ‚Äúever run without stop‚ÄĚ. It have twenty-four spokes. The first 12 spokes represent 12 stages of suffering. Next 12 spokes represent no cause no effect. This process stops the process of birth and death. The twelve causal links, paired with their corresponding symbols:
- Avidya: lack of awareness,
- Sanskara: conditioning of mind unknowingly(sacrament),
- Consciousness: mind-knowledge,
- Name and form(Figuration): constituent elements of mental and physical existence,
- Sadayatana: six senses (eye, ear, nose, tongue, body, and mind),
- Sparsa: contact,
- Vedana: sensation,
- Trashna: thirst,
- Upadana(In Hinduism, upasana Brahman is the material manifestation.): grasping,
- Bhava(emotion): coming to be,
- Jati: As an aspect of suffering within the teachings on the Four Noble Truths
- Jaramarana( old age and death): Jaramarana is associated with the inevitable end-of-life suffering of all beings prior to their rebirth within cyclic existence.
These 12 in reverse represent a total 24 spokes representing the religion.
The Ashok chakra¬† is called Dharma Chakra. This depicted the “wheel of the law” in the Sarnath Lion Capital made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The chakra intends to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.
The ashoka chakra is to be in mid of whole Tiranga(flag). The white color is symbol of silence or peace.
- In third or last part of tiranga it have green color which represent the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land. The green color is attire of our land(Bharat Mata).
On This Republic Day
In 2016 Republic Day:
President: Mr. Pranab Mukherjee.
Prime Minister: Mr Narendra Modi(Brave man of India) .
Chief Guest : France President: Mr. Francois Hollande.
French President Francois Hollande has been invited as the chief guest for the Republic Day celebrations in January 2016.
Republic day‚Äôs famous Chief guest from 2000 to 2016:
2016: ‚ÄúPresident Mr. Fran√ßois Hollande(France)‚ÄĚ.
2015: ‚ÄúPresident Mr. Barak Obama (US)‚ÄĚ: First U.S. President celebrated Republic Day .
2014: ‚ÄúPrime Minister Shinzo Abe‚ÄĚ( Japan).
2013: ‚ÄúKing Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck(Bhutan)‚ÄĚ.
2012: ‚ÄúPrime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra(Thailand)‚ÄĚ.
2011: ‚ÄúPresident Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono(Indonesia)‚ÄĚ.
2010: ‚ÄúPresident Lee Myung Bak(Souith Koria)‚ÄĚ.
2009: ‚ÄúPresident Nursultan Nazarbayev(Kazakhstan)‚ÄĚ.
2008: ‚ÄúPresident Nicolas Sarkozy(France)‚ÄĚ.
2007: ‚ÄúPresident Vladimir Putin(Russia)‚ÄĚ.
2006: ‚ÄúKing Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud(Saudi Arebia)‚ÄĚ.
2005: ‚ÄúKing Jigme Singye Wangchuck(Bhutan)‚ÄĚ.
2004: ‚ÄúPresident Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva(Brazil)‚ÄĚ.
2003: ‚ÄúPresident Mohammed Khatami(Iran)‚ÄĚ.
2002: ‚ÄúPresident Cassam Uteem(Mauritius)‚ÄĚ.
2001: ‚ÄúPresident Abdelaziz Bouteflika(Algeria)‚ÄĚ.
2000: ‚ÄúPresident Olusegun Obasanjo(Nigeria)‚ÄĚ.
In story of republic day celebration the france Chief guest is 5th time invited now, before its four time invited already by side of India:
1976: ‚ÄúPrime Minister Jacques Chirac‚ÄĚ.
1908: ‚ÄúPresident Val√©ry Giscard d’Estaing‚ÄĚ.
1998: ‚ÄúPresident Jacques Chirac‚ÄĚ.
2008: ‚ÄúPresident Nicolas Sarkozy‚ÄĚ.
2016: ‚ÄúPresident Fran√ßois Hollande‚ÄĚ.
Nature represented our national flag:
Hope this republic day celebration to be peaceful. Give more growth, zeal, strength and self-confident.
Brave man Mr. Narandra Modi(current P.M.) get more success ahead at own way. India is more need to that for make special-one in whole world.
Happy Republic Day to whole Adorable Nation.
Happy Shopping on this Republic Day.
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