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Orissa Saree

The saree of Orissa is much in demand throughout the entire world. The different colors and varieties of sarees in Orissa make them very popular among the women of the state. The handloom sarees available in Orissa can be of four major types; these are Ikat, Bandha, Bomkai and Pasapalli. The traditional saree of Orissa has an intimate connection with Jagannath, one of the major deities of the place. The four main colors used in the sarees at Orissa are white, black, yellow and red, which are also the colors associated with Jagannath. The motifs used on Orissa saree like lotus, temple border, wheel and conch are also related to Jagannath. Orissa sarees are also available in other colors like cream, maroon, and brown and rust. The tie-and-dye technique used by the weavers of Orissa to create motifs on these sarees is unique to this region. This technique also gives the sarees of Orissa an identity of their own. Orissa sarees have a close relation with the Jagannath culture. Originally, the four basic colors which are found on Jagannath—black, white, red and yellow—are extensively used in Oriya saris. Even the motifs such as the temple border, lotus, conch and wheel, signify the affinity with the reigning deity. The traditional Orissa sarees have undergone vast changes as weavers try to adapt the designs to popular taste. Orissa handloom sarees can be broadly classified into four groups. 'Ikat sari', 'Orissa bomkai sari', ‘Bandha ', ' pasapalli '. If you are looking for these kind saree please visit our online saree catalogues which give you exclusive collection of ikat sari, Cuttack sarees, Orissa bomkai sari, ikat sarees in different designs and colors for online shopping, also you can learn more about Orissa handlooms and sarees. Orissa sarees, ikat sari, Cuttack sarees, Orissa bomkai sari, Orissa patola ikat sari, ikat sarees from Orissa, ikat weaving, ikat saris from Orissa, Orissa sarees, Orissa saris, Orissa handloom sarees, Orissa handloom saris, handloom sarees from Orissa, hand woven Cuttack sarees The coastline is largely smooth and lacks good ports. The coastal strip is narrow, level, and extremely fertile. Other natural regions in Orissa include the inland northern plateau and the Eastern Ghats. Orissa's climate is warm, with average December temperatures ranging from 16° to 28° C. In May the average temperatures range from 27° to 38° C. The state's average annual rainfall is about 1800 mm, with most rain falling in the north and over the Eastern Ghats. Bhubaneswar is the capital. The population of Orissa consists mainly of Oriya-speaking people, although Munda and Dravidian languages are also spoken. The overwhelming majority of residents are Hindu, but there are small minorities of Christians and Muslims. Important Hindu temples located in Orissa include Jagannath Temple in Purl and Sun Temple in Konarak. Orissa's economy is predominantly agricultural with most of the population engaged in raising rice. Other agricultural products are pulses (legumes), cotton, tobacco, sugarcane, and turmeric. Among the livestock raised are buffalo and other cattle, sheep, and goats. Fish is largely exported. Industries include the production of pig iron and steel, the manufacture of textiles, cement, paper, glass, aluminum, flour, and soap, and the processing of sugar and oil. Hand-loom weaving and the making of baskets, wooden articles, hats, nets, and silver filigree (ornamental work) are carried on. Orissa has a rich tradition in handlooms and it’s products, especially "Ikat" or tie and dye fabrics, known as "band has" in Orissa are recognized all over the country and abroad for their highly artistic designs, color combinations and durability. The art of weaving in the state is highly evolved and its fabrics bear testimony to the unique and artistic ability and tradition of the weavers of this state. Traditionally the women of Orissa dress in sarees of blue, red and magenta and other deep colors, with ikat (known as bandha in Orissa) patterning. These beautiful and eye catching saris are made within the state, mainly at Nuapatna, near Cuttack on the coastal plain, or in the weaving centers inland around Sambalpur, Bargarh and Sonepur and Boudh districts. Of late, however, there has been a diversification in designs and products and new centers of production have gained popularity and the acceptance of the consumer. Notable amongst these are "Bomkai" and "Habaspuri" sarees and also cotton sarees produced in Berhampur and Jagatsingpur Districts. The charm of silk and cotton handloom fabrics and sarees of Orissa is well known. Sambalpur and Cuttack Sarees are unique. Fabrics for dresses, furnishings, bedspreads and table-cloth are also available. Orison paintings are also done on tussar silk. The Sambhalpur, Bomkai, Katki and tussar saris and yardage are eye-catching. The ikat sarees have typical motifs and borders in striking combinations.' Exquisite sarees, painstakingly woven on looms, in earthy shades of cream, maroon, brown, rust and white reflect the rich cultural heritage of Orissa. The intricate motifs that unfold through a complex process of tie-and-dye give a distinct character to the Orissa sarees that have shot into the limelight following the resurgence of traditional handlooms. Orissa saris have a close relation with the Jagannath cult. Originally, the four basic colors which are found on Jagannath—black, white, red and yellow—were extensively used. Even the motifs such as the temple border, lotus, conch and wheel, signify the affinity with the reigning deity. The Orissa bomkai saris have undergone vast changes as weavers try to adapt the designs to popular taste. Vegetable dyes have been replaced by chemical dyes, though the former is still available, but the prices are significantly higher. New shades and patterns have also been added. Although handloom sarees are woven in different parts of the State, somehow the adage "Cuttack sarees" has remained with people outside Orissa, especially in West Bengal. Orissa handloom saris can be broadly classified into four groups. ‘Bandha’ or tie-and-dye from Sambalpur is one of the finest examples of double ikat; ‘Khandua pata’ from Nuapatna in Cuttack district is relatively cheaper than Sambalpuri because the yarn used is the cheaper Malda variety; ‘Bomkai’ is a recent adaptation from tribal sarees and is named after a tribal village in southern Orissa and has an embroidery-like work on the border and pallav; Berhampuri silks which are usually heavy with narrow borders are slightly plain, without the intricate designs generally found in Sambalpuri sarees. The bandha or tie-and-dye technique used in Orissa is much different from that of Gujarat and Rajasthan. Here, the yarn is first tied in portions, and each section is dyed in a different color according to the design. When woven, the designs emerge, and the special feature is that the design is prominent on both sides of the fabric. This is a very complicated process and it is rather amazing to find that the traditional weavers do not use any graphic designs on paper. The common motifs are borrowed from nature. Flowers, creepers, birds, animals are abundantly woven in myriad colors, all lending a distinct feature to the nine yards of woven wonder. The "pasapalli" saree with its distinctive black-and-white squares is a replica of the chessboard. Equally fascinating are the names—Vichitrapuri, Chandrika, Nabagunja, Amman Tara and Krishnapriya. The earlier yarns of coarse cotton have been replaced with fine cotton, silks, tussar and a cotton-silk mix called ‘bapta’. Gold thread and tissues are also used to enhance the patterns. While the State Government encourages weavers’ co-operatives, several private enterprises are also doing a flourishing business. In Sambalpur, the Sambalpuri Vastralaya founded by Padmashree Kruthartha Acharya is a well-known handloom society.

Silk Sarees